Blood sugar control – This is important to prevent or delay neuropathy or other diabetic complications. Variations in the blood sugar levels accelerate nerve damage. All diabetics must have A1c done every 6 months to see an average blood sugar level in the past 2-3 months. If not well-controlled change medication or get more tests done.
Foot care – Non-healing ulcers and amputations are common in diabetic neuropathy. Your doctor should see your feet at every visit and you must inspect them daily.
What do we mean by foot care?
Check your feet daily for cuts, bruises, peeling skin, redness, and swelling. Use a handle mirror to see the sole of the foot.
Keep the feet clean and dry – wash with lukewarm water and mild soap. Do not soak your feet for over a few minutes. Dry between the toes with a soft towel. Moisturize your feet to prevent cracks especially heels but avoid it in between the toes as it leads to fungal growth.
Trim toenails carefully – cut your toenails straight across and file them to prevent sharp edges.
Wear clean dry sox – cotton without tight bands.
Wear padded shoes that fit well – always wear shoes or slippers to protect your feet from injury. Your shoes must fit your feet properly and allow your toes to move.
Even tiny sores can get infected and create a major problem. So be careful